Obesity

Solutions, Causes and Effects

ObesityAbout

Introduction

         Canadian waistlines continue to expand, and the prevalence of obesity among adults and children continues to rise. Obesity is a growing epidemic, not only in Canada, but also around the globe. Dr. Carson-Dewitt and Dr. Frey from defined the condition as an abnormal accumulation of body fat, usually 20% or more over an individual’s ideal body weight” (Metcalf, 2008).

         Obesity is measured by finding out a person’s BMI or body mass index. It is calculated by taking a person’s weight in kilograms and dividing it by the person’s height in metres squared (Metcalf, 2008). Those having a body mass index of thirty or greater are classified as obese. CBC News released a study by Memorial University of St. John’s Newfoundland indicating that obesity rates in Canada have alarmingly tripled between 1985 and 2011. This is a surge of about 200 percent (Canada's obesity rates triple in less than 30 years, 2014).

         Further to this, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) estimates that “two out of three men are overweight and one in four people are obese in Canada” (OBESITY AND THE ECONOMICS OF PREVENTION: FIT NOT FAT, 2014).  Although the rate has not substantially increased in the last 15 years, it is still crucial that the public be informed about the causes of this condition, the physical and economical effects of it, as well as ways to fight the epidemic that is taking toll on the overall health of Canadians.