traumatized woman


According to the Australian Nursing and Midwifery Journal, post-traumatic stress disorder “is a psychological response to the experience of intense traumatic events, particularly those that threaten life.”

It induces a response of intense fear, helplessness and horror (Pitman et al., 2012). The traumatic events that prompt PTSD include war, violent personal attacks (sexual or physical), being taken hostage, kidnapped, confined as a prisoner of war, torture, terrorist attacks, severe car accidents, and natural disasters. Other important contributors are sexual abuse, witnessing serious injuries, or experiencing the death of a love one in childhood age (Frey, 2015).