Leukemia

It Affects All

Causes

Although there can be many causes of leukemia which remain unknow to this day. However, Scientist have come up with the following cause of leukemia. Maternal fetal transmission, smoking, alcohol, tobacco, poor diet, artificial ionizing radiation and hair dyes. One study has found the cause of leukemia can be environmental and genetic factors. For example, high level of radiation can kill cells that help organ to function and kill bacteria. These dead cells lead to failure of organ. Also, people who works in the chemical factories, mining, nuclear reactors and drainage systems are most likely to form risk of cancer. Another study shows that Childhood leukemia have increased during the 20 centuries. For example, A survey from Southern Iran show “that due to 8 years of war in Iraq and contamination of the area with chemical weapons which affected the persons exposed to these chemicals” (Karimi, Mehrabani, Yarmohammadi & Jahromi, (2008).”  Few studies came up with an argument that use of plastic bottles can also lead to leukemia. Furthermore, studies suggest that hair dye can also lead to leukemia. About 75% women and 8% men use hair dye. Those who use permanent color for more than 10 years are at greater risk of leukemia cancer. The reason for this is that hair color, permanent or temporary contains chemical called aromatic amines and hydrogen peroxide. When these chemicals come into contact with each other they form molecules that gives stronger color to our hair but kills the natural cells that protect our hair. This leads to leukemia lymphoma and myeloma cancer. Although no studies have confirmed that leukemia is genetic, however, chances are the immediate family member of the patient with leukemia is more at risk. Its safe to get screening done once in a year. Smoking and tobacco can lead to leukemia cancer. The reason is tobacco and alcohol contain substance that are the cause of cancer. The reason is, when a person intake these substances, their lungs absorbs them and spreads to other parts of the body, which not only causes cancers but kills the organs. Dickinson Heather explains in his editorial that factors supported by more consistent evidence show that the increase of leukemia in children can be from “being born to a mother over 35 years of age, or to who previously had spontaneous abortions, not being breast feed” (Dickinson, 2005)

 

Symptoms

The symptoms of leukemia are many depending on the type of it. In the newspaper article Dr. Panagiotis Kottaridis explains “Blood cancer is the third deadliest form of cancer, leading to 15,000 deaths each year- and patients aren’t diagnosed with acute leukemia until they are admitted to hospital, often as an emergency. It is important to know the commonly ignored signs so patients can seek urgent medical advice if they are experiencing symptoms”  CITATION Tur19 \l 1033 (Turrill, 2019). Furthermore, following are some common symptoms of leukemia of all types, weakness, it is caused by low red blood cells. Chill, fever, or feeling cold, feeling dizzy, tiny red spots on your skin and pain in the bone or joint tenderness. While fatigue is not often a cause for concern, it could indicate anaemia - a deficiency of red blood cells or haemoglobin in the blood - which is also a common symptom of leukaemia.” Says Dr. Panagiotis Kottaridis  CITATION Tur19 \l 1033 (Turrill, 2019).  In another articles doctor explains. “The onset of leukemia can be acute (sudden onset) or chronic (slow onset). In acute leukemia, cancer cells multiply quickly. In chronic leukemia, the disease progresses slowly, and early symptoms may be very mild.” (Shilpa, Padmamma,, Kumara, A. T. & Walmiki, 2019, p. 10). Leukemia symptoms are very distressing and can disturb a person daily living. Furthermore, it can be also distressing to person’s physical emotional, social and spiritual quality of life. According to The American Cancer Society about 30,000 leukemia cases were diagnosed in the United States in 2001. Childhood leukemia have increased during the 20 centuries. In addition, doctors explain that it is better to get a checkup once a year. The reason is that all type of leukemia may have different symptoms. There are chances that a person may not feel any symptoms listed above but might be carrying mild disease.

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