Autism Spectrum Disorder and Diagnosis


Autism Spectrum Disorder, ASD, is a heterogeneous neuropsychiatric disorder. It is a biological disorder that affects a child’s behaviour and social and communication skills.

Social skills do develop over time, but even the top-performing individuals have great difficulty adjusting to life in our society. Autism and related disorders are marked by abnormal social development, which is congenital in nature.

It is common for Autism to be associated with some degree of mental impairment although there are strengths seen in non-verbal abilities and weaknesses in verbal abilities.

It is a chronic condition that requires lifelong management. It is crucial to understand the disease itself, alongside it’s causes and how to early diagnose.

Autism is characterized by severe and persistent impairment in social interaction, communication deviance, and unusual behaviour and interest patterns. This disorder is incredibly complicated and difficult to identify.

No two children have identical symptoms, and the intensity of the symptoms varies greatly. Some situations are more subtle, while others are more obvious. In most situations, parents who are concerned about their child's development initiate the process of identifying whether or not their child has ASD.

However, in other situations, an early symptom of ASD is noticed by a pediatrician, teacher, or childcare provider who notes anything unusual about the child's play, learning, speaking, or acting.

According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders and the International Classification of Diseases, autistic disorder, Asperger's syndrome, pervasive developmental disorder-not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS), Rett's syndrome, and childhood disintegrative disorder as pervasive developmental disorders.



Copyright 2007-2022 | Author: Alina Castro | Last updated: April 2022