Understanding Dyslexia

The most common learning disorder

Causes and Associated Risks

Different brains with different ways of thinking

Although the specific "cause" of dyslexia has not been identified, the following is understood about the disorder:

  1. Language-related areas in dyslexic minds show a physical basis for an alternate path for reading.
  2. Dyslexia is moderately heritable, and it has been linked to genetics and environmental factors.

Child holds paper cutout of family

Associated Risks

An individual with dyslexia has a higher likelihood of developing certain other conditions as well. These include the following:

The most notable comorbidity is that of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, or A.D.H.D., which has been found in ranges up to 42% of children with dyslexia. This disorder involves impairments to attention, motor hyperactivity, and impulsivity.

These conditions can often be identified earlier than dyslexia, which can help predict if a child will have difficulty with reading, too. It is always important to screen for other impairments when a child has been diagnosed with dyslexia.


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