Understanding Dyslexia

The most common learning disorder

Misconceptions and Reality

While dyslexia is a relatively well-known and recognized learning disorder, there are still many common misconceptions about it. Most of these are harmless beliefs due to ignorance, but some have negative impacts when perpetuated.

The table below compares some common misunderstandings with reality.

Dyslexia Misconceptions
Myth Fact
  • Dyslexics see text backwards or upside-down
  • Dyslexia involves trouble processing text, but it is not a vision problem
  • Dyslexics have trouble with reading comprehension
  • Dyslexia only affects an individual's ability to decode text into sounds
  • Dyslexia is a childhood condition
  • Dyslexia is a lifelong condition
  • Dyslexia is reflective on a person's intelligence
  • Dyslexia has nothing to do with a person's IQ
  • Dyslexics cannot achieve a high level of success
  • Dyslexics display strengths in creativity, adaptive problem-solving, and entrepreneurship
Common misconceptions about dyslexia.


A dyslexic's difficulty in reading is unexpected because they otherwise possess the capacity to perform well in this area. This inconsistency between expected and actual performance is characteristic of the disorder.

Due to theirSomeone flips through a book challenges, dyslexics often work harder than their peers to accomplish the same tasks, and ascribing their struggles to "laziness" is not only incorrect, it is discouraging and damaging.

Famous individuals with dyslexia, including Albert Einstein, Thomas Edison, Walt Disney, Steve Jobs, Leonardo da Vinci, Pablo Picasso, Winston Churchill, George Washington, Richard Branson, Henry Ford, and countless others, prove that a dyslexic can succeed in a variety of fields despite the challenges they face.


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