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Cancer arises from the transformation of normal cells into tumor cells in a multi-stage process that generally progresses from a pre-cancerous lesion to a malignant tumor that occur as a result of a person’s genetic factors. It is estimated that one in three people will get cancer in their lifetime, the fact that more people than ever before live full lives after undergoing cancer treatment shows just how successful cancer treatments can be.

In cancer, the type of cancer that arises depends on where it develops in the body. For example, breast cancer that begins in the breast is still breast cancer even if it spreads to other body parts.



Two Main Categories of Cancer:

Hematologic Cancer Solid Tumor Cancer
  • Cancers of the blood cells
  • Hematologic cancers are a group of malignant diseases that arise from cells in the bone marrow or lymphatic tissues
  • Blood cancers fall into three categories: leukemia, lymphoma, and myeloma
  • Cancers of body organs
  • A solid tumor is a lump of sick cells stuck together
  • Tumors can develop in many parts of the body including the brain, kidneys, liver and bones