The Worldwide Lifelong Affliction

Causes and Symptoms

Causes & Symptoms


Scientists around the globe have conducted extensive research on the factors behind diabetes. The exact causes, nevertheless, remain elusive. To put it into the simplest of terms, diabetes is caused when the body fails to convert the glucose in the blood into energy.

It is interesting that some researchers are of the opinion that a virus can cause this disease in youths. Certain viruses are believed to increase the chances of developing type 1 diabetes, especially in people with the HLA gene. Viruses like cytomegalovirus, coxsackie B virus, adenovirus, mumps virus, rubella virus, and the Epstein Barr virus have the potential to either infect the insulin-producing cells or instigate their autoimmune obliteration. Table 1 below details the causes in types 1 and 2 of diabetes.

Causes of Diabetes (Types 1 & 2)
  Type 1 Type 2
Preventable? No Yes, by following a balanced diet, routinely exercising, and adopting a healthy lifestyle.
Virus-triggered? Possibly No
Body type? Thin or normal weight Overweight
Genetics? Mild genetic tendency: People with the Human Leukocyte Antigen (HLA) gene are at risk. Strong genetic tendency to be common among family members.
Caused by? Autoimmune Disease:
The patient’s own immune system attacks and kills the beta cells, which are released by the Pancreas to produce insulin, after mistakenly considering them “foreign” entities trying to cause an infection.
Metabolic Condition:
The insulin-making cells malfunction, resulting in insulin deficiency.
Timing? Affliction can happen in any stage of life, but onset is more likely during teenage and childhood years. Affliction usually takes place after 40 years of age, but overweight people are also at risk. Some young people develop this condition due to genetics.
Table 1


Major Symptoms

Type 1 Diabetes

There are many signs that may indicate a person having type 1 diabetes. The rapid onset of these signs requires swift medical action. Extreme fatigue, unusual thirst, increased urination frequency, unexplained weight loss, and blurred vision are the prominent symptoms of type 1 diabetes.

Ignoring these symptoms exacerbates the condition and paves the way for other symptoms to appear. There are other less common symptoms for type 1 diabetes. These include a dry and itchy skin, tingling sensation in feet, lengthy healing time of sores, yeast infections, nausea, and frequent genital infections in females.

Type 2 Diabetes

The symptoms for type 2 diabetes are so slow that it is often rendered as the “silent disease.” Many individuals go on for years without realizing that they have had this disease. One preventive measure is to get regular medical checkups. Patients feel and notice the symptoms only after a long time.

The symptoms of type 2 diabetes are similar to that of type 1 diabetes. Common symptoms include severe thirst, unexplained weight gain or loss, fatigue, and increased urination. Less prominent signs include dry mouth, dry and itchy skin, slow healing, numbness in feet, vomiting, excessive sleep, and female vaginal infections.

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