The Worldwide Lifelong Affliction

Diabetes Types

Types of Diabetes

Type 1 Diabetes

In this condition, the body loses its ability to generate sufficient insulin and, as a result, it struggles with balancing the glucose levels in the blood.

This happens because the patient’s own immune system attacks and kills the beta cells, which are released by the Pancreas to produce insulin, after mistakenly considering them “foreign” entities trying to cause an infection.
Type 1 diabetes is neither preventable nor curable. It has no relation whatsoever with a patient’s lifestyle or dietary habits. Genetics, on the other hand, play a key role in how likely a person would be afflicted with type 1 diabetes. People who have the Human Leukocyte Antigen (HLA) gene are at a risk of suffering from type 1 diabetes. Nevertheless, only five percent of people with the HLA gene grow to develop this complex health condition.

Type 2 Diabetes

This condition develops when a person’s beta cells lose their function and fail to produce sufficient amounts of insulin. The scarcity of insulin causes an increase in the blood sugar levels. However, this happens so gradually, and the symptoms are so insidious, that it goes unnoticed for years. By the time a diagnosis is made, nearly half the beta cells may have very well lost their function. Type 2 diabetes can also incorporate insulin resistance. This means that the cells start to resist against accepting the insulin available in the bloodstream for energy production.

In the long run, the accumulation of glucose in blood can damage several organs, including the eyes, heart and kidneys. In the past, type 2 diabetes was referred to as maturity-onset diabetes, adult-onset diabetes and noninsulin-dependent diabetes. It is by far the most prevalent form of diabetes.

Gestational Diabetes

Gestational Diabetes

It is mostly a temporary condition that affects a tiny percentage of pregnant women, because pregnancy-triggered changes lead to insulin resistance. Some women are more prone to gestational diabetes than others, owing to the following factors:

  1. Overweightness or obesity
  2. Being a prediabetic
  3. Birthing a baby over 9 pounds in the past
  4. Family history of type 2 diabetes
  5. Polycystic ovary syndrome


Drug-Induced Diabetes

This condition is triggered afterDrug-Induced Diabetes consumption of medications, which have nothing to do with diabetes, by patients with no history of diabetes.

This happens because some medication pills interfere with the pancreatic process of producing and releasing insulin, while others disrupt the purpose of insulin.

Many medications are associated with increasing the chances of type 2 diabetes, including but not limited to:

  • Corticosteroids
  • Beta blockers
  • Thiazide diuretics
  • High blood pressure medications
  • Statins
  • Immunosuppressive drugs
  • Antipsychotic drugs


Prediabetes is a condition in which a person’s sugar levels are so high that they are on the verge of being afflicted with type 2 diabetes. What is alarming is that a lot of people have prediabetes and are completely oblivious to it. Nearly one third of youths and middle-aged people in the United States have prediabetes; however, only around 11% know about their condition because prediabetes has no symptoms.


It is a good idea to take a medical test as soon as possible to ascertain where you stand in terms of being afflicted with type 2 diabetes. The Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT) is a simple method that incorporates consuming high quantities of sugar and then examining the time that the body takes to restore its glucose levels to normalcy. The body should be able to accomplish that within two hours. The test is usually taken on an empty stomach in the morning after a night of abstinence from food.

The OGTT test involves drawing of two blood samples: one at the beginning of the process and another after two hours. In the latter blood collection, the tested person’s sugar levels are checked. If the glucose level is below 7.8 mmol/L, the person is not diabetic. However, if the reading is above 11 mmol/L, the person is diagnosed with diabetes. Readings between the two aforementioned levels of 7.8 mmol/L and 11 mmol/L indicate a phase of prediabetes.

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