Deep Vein Thrombosis

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Deep vein thrombosis is a medical condition in which swelling or clotting occurs mostly in the veins of the legs. It can occur in veins and can cause swelling and leg pain, but there are some cases where people affected by this diseases do not have any symptoms at all. The most common occurrence of DVT is in the thighs or the legs but it can also form in other parts of the body depending on the vein formation.

Deep Vein Thrombosis


Blood clots in deep veins, lower limbs, is a quite common medical concern known as deep vein thrombosis (DVT). Because deep vein thrombosis (DVT) may end up in potentially fatal complications such as pulmonary embolism, it poses a serious health risk. Approximately 2 million patients in the United States are affected by VTE annually, and 59% to 75% of these DVT events have been reported to be hospital acquired (Voils, 2015). To properly prevent and treat this disorder, healthcare providers must have a thorough understanding of the underlying mechanisms, risk factors, and appropriate management measures.

Blood CLot

The risk of blood clots in the veins breaking free makes deep vein thrombosis a potentially fatal condition. Following that, the clots may enter the circulation and land in the lungs, restricting blood flow which is called pulmonary embolism. In addition, when deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism occur together, the condition becomes even more dangerous and is called Venous Thromboembolism. In a clinical outcome study of patients undergoing major orthopaedic surgery,17 the 3-month incidence of symptomatic venous thromboembolism was 3.2% and of fatal pulmonary embolism, 0.1% (Thomas, 2018). In this Research paper, we will further talk about the diagnosis of DVT, its risk factors and management strategies that should be taken care if DVT occurs. Because deep veins are larger and have more direct communication with the heart and lungs than superficial veins just beneath the skin, thrombosis of these veins within the calf or thigh muscle is more harmful than clots in these superficial veins (Khan, 2006).


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